Home to more than half of Egypt's antiquities, Luxor is the most important historical site in Egypt and a must-see for all visitors. Located 420 miles (679 km) south of Cairo, Luxor (previously known as Thebes) was the capital of the ancient Kingdom of the Pharaohs for thousands of years, culminating in the glory days of the new Kingdom (1150 -1070 BC). Wonder at the Temples of the East Bank and explore the Valley of the Kings on the West Bank. Witness a history and a civilization that have been forever immortalized.